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Election Entirely by Mail

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voting by mail in condo board election – GS

Election Entirely by Mail 


Unless otherwise specified in an association’s governing documents, an election may be conducted entirely by mail. (Civ. Code § 5115(d).) Corporations Code Section 7513 allows for any action which may be taken at a membership meeting to be taken without a meeting provided that:

  • Written Ballots are Distributed – the association distributes a written ballot to every member entitled to vote on the matter; (Corp. Code § 7513(a).)
  • Proposed Action Specified – the ballot sets forth the proposed action to be voted on; (Corp. Code § 7513(a).)
  • Opportunity to Specify Approval or Disapproval – the ballot provides an opportunity for the voter to specify the voter’s approval or disapproval of any proposed action; (Corp. Code § 7513(a).)
  • Reasonable Time to Return Ballot – the ballot provides a reasonable time within which to return the ballot to the association; (Corp. Code § 7513(a).)  (Note* – at least thirty (30) days of balloting must be provided pursuant to Civil Code Section 5115(a).)
  • Number of Responses Needed to Meet Quorum – the ballot must indicate the number of responses needed to meet the applicable quorum requirement; (Corp. Code § 7513(c).)
  • Percentage of Approval Needed to Pass the Measure – except for elections of directors, the ballot must state percentage of approvals necessary to pass the measure being voted on; (Corp. Code § 7513(c).) and
  • Deadline to Return Ballot – the ballot must specify the time by which the ballot must be received in order to be counted. (Corp. Code § 7513(c).)

Quorum & Approval Requirements
Approval by written ballot is valid only when the number of votes cast by ballot within the required time period equals or exceeds the quorum required to be present at a meeting authorizing the action, and the number of approvals must equal or exceed the number of votes that would be required to approve at a meeting at which the total number of votes cast was the same as the number of votes cast by ballot. (Corp. Code § 7513(b).)

Additional Balloting & Election Requirements
There are also other procedures and requirements which must be satisfied in connection with the election (i.e., the use of secret ballots with two (2) sealed envelopes, conducting the election in accordance with written election rules, etc.) and, even where an election may be conducted entirely by mail, a noticed meeting of the members or the board must still be held in order to count the ballots and tabulate the votes. (See “Balloting Requirements & Procedures.”)


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